An estimated 1 in 5 preschool children have vision problems and 1 in 4 school-age children wear corrective eye wear in this country. Because eye and vision problems in children have become a significant public health concern the American Optometric Association has released new guidelines for pediatric eye care. The new guideline is designed to increase awareness of the importance of checking children's eye health at all ages. It is important to educate patients and their caregivers about eye health and the importance of frequent exams. Early detection and prevention are key because the visual system is developing in early childhood. There is no substitute for an in-person comprehensive eye exam that can lead to prevention or a timely diagnosis and treatment. If you can catch certain eye conditions and diseases early in the course of their lives, you can really change children's lives. If a child isn't functioning well visually, it can impact his or her performance in school and impact his or her behavior, future goals and even the kind of work he or she will do as an adult.